Measuring Power Consumption

I have recently acquired an electricity usage meter off ebay and decided to measure the power consumption of some of my devices. For a device that costs just 15 SGD, it works wonderfully and can measure voltage, amperage and wattage. It is supposed to be able to calculate electricity cost ...

Saturating 1Gbps bandwidth

My ISP recently gave me a free speed bump from 500Mbps to 1 Gbps. I wanted to test if it was possible to fully utilise the bandwidth on a single file transfer. Firstly, we need to look at the test file size. I settled on a roughly 500MB to 1GB ...

Running HTTPS, SSH and VPN on port 443

A port can only be bound to one service at a time, which makes perfect sense since the OS cannot possibly know which application to route the packet to. However, protocols often have distinct signatures, for example the first few bytes of SSH is always SSH-2.0 while HTTP packets ...

ProtonMail: Technical prowess, Legal expertise and Guts

Technical prowess, Legal expertise and Guts. That is what you need to go up against a Nation State Adversary. We shall take the Apple vs US Government debate as an example. Apple obviously has the technical prowess to store the iPhone's PIN code securely. If it were easily retrievable ...

Biometrics and Passwords

Many people have the misconception that biometrics such as fingerprint readers are more secure than passwords. It probably stems from Hollywood spy movies showing Top Secret facilities protected by biometric devices. However, for the vast majority of us who use sensible 8-12 character passwords and limit reuse, passwords are generally ...

RAID is not backup

A number of friends have recently sought my advice on NAS and RAID solutions for storing their personal data. I do not usually give brand recommendations but I will discuss the technology involved. I have never used RAID nor found a need for it, this is because RAID (Redundant Array ...